RobbUnfiltered: Crocker’s weekly sports podcast that he started in 2018. He uses the platform to discuss subject matter that is not normally discussed on commercial sports radio platforms. The website, designed by Crocker, can be found at

Writing Our Way Out: Writing Our Way Out is a book, a podcast, and a mission led by Dr. David Coogan in the Department of English at Virginia Commonwealth University. Crocker is the co-founder of the podcast and the show’s senior producer and intern supervisor. The podcast takes a deep dive from the stories in the book to probe the ways we all struggle to free ourselves from prisons of the mind. The website, also designed by Crocker, can be found at



In 1992, researcher John Zaller developed a theory in the book, The Nature And Origins of Mass Opinion, which stated that the political elite and mass media were responsible for the information the public received for consumption (Zaller, 1992). In other words, the general public (or those who did not have a heavy interest in politics), were force fed whatever the elites, partisan and non-partisan media outlets wanted them to know. In 1992, the Internet was still in its infancy, but newspapers were sprouting on the new technology in order to branch out and reach a new, tech savvy audience. Based on what we know about the impact the Internet now has on how people get their news currently, by seek political news online or from a smart phone application (Pew Research Center, 2012), I predict that Zaller’s findings are still relevant 20 years later. My prediction will be supported by data compiled over a 15-day period from six news organizations’ online sites that represent print journalism and television journalism as well as varying partisan ideologies. In addition, I examined the word sentiment of two articles between the six media outlets to determine if there was evidence of the practice of media agenda setting or media bias.

Keywords: News Hole, Priming, Agenda Setting, Framing, Media Bias, Positive, Neutral, and Negative Word Sentiment, Agenda Building, News Judgment

Are news outlets choosing news reports online based on partisan alliances? Are the website headlines slanted towards the right or left? Are the headlines of duplicated political news, such as an AP Wire report, different in the article’s unique URL page than on the front page? Is the news being replaced by commentary? All of these questions are what news consumers should ask themselves.

Summary: While working with the idea of how much copies of physical media are altered with new processes, I came across the idea of one form of media that alters itself in the moment. As a former journalist and digital content manager for a number of news organizations, including the Washington Post (my subject for this study), I have a very intimate knowledge of how the news cycle transforms during a 24-hour period.

Summary: It would be easy to say President Donald Trump is a demagogue. There is an abundant amount of evidence supporting that statement. But, historically, lots of presidents have been accused of the same thing. But, do any of us really understand what exactly is a demagogue or demagoguery?

Does Trump even understand the meaning of demagoguery? In this paper, I will prove that not only does he, but he has used it to his advantage in swaying many voters (and non-voters) in his corner with his polarizing rhetoric. As a result, he has created a loyal, if not, rabid following and fan-base that could carrying him to a second term as president.

Summary: “Booyah!”
“Dare I say En Fuego!”
“He could. Go. All. The. Way!”
“Rack Him.”
“Do you believe in miracles?”
If you’ve ever watched ESPN’s SportCenter, flipped your radio dial to an all sports radio station, watched vintage sports videos on YouTube, or just casually watched a sporting event between the 1970s into the present era, you’ve heard an announcer, color analyst, host, anchor, or sports personality try to put their own spin on the storytelling aspect of sports.
Sports journalists, in particular broadcast sports journalists, are a different breed of reporter. The idea of objectivity, balance, and unbiased reporting is replaced with language and theatrics that injects the announcer’s point of view. Sports highlights, real-time announcing, and analysis resemble the “Gonzo Journalism” that made Hunter S. Thompson famous.

Summary: It is the purpose of this essay to attempt to correlate the perception of violence in Chicago and the recent focus by television networks, in particular NBC and Showtime, in the creation and airing of crime dramas based in the city (Chicago PD, Chicago Med, Chicago Fire, Chicago Justice, and The Chi). Unlike other studies, this project will focus on the insights of violence and crime one major American city.

Keywords: Cultivation theory; mean world syndrome; crime rates; TV violence; police procedural dramas; perception; attitudes, values, cultivation analysis.


Juan Conde is a Richmond broadcaster with 32 years of experience in radio and television news. He was the main anchor at WRIC’s 8News for 22 years after logging 10 years as an announcer at WCDX-FM. Juan also has experience as on-camera and voice-over talent for commercial and industrial productions. He’s a native of Brooklyn, New York and attended the College of William and Mary and VCU. Crocker was a co-moderator and co-organizer of this event.

The Richard T. Robertson School of Media and Culture and VCU Alumni hosted a virtual panel discussion, titled “Post Black Lives Matter: New Beginnings,” as part of the Robertson School Speaker Series on Feb. 25, 2021. Crocker was a co-moderator and co-organizer of this event.